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Andrei SZUDER1


1 University Politehnica Bucharest, Center for Advanced Technologies, Bucharest, ROMANIA
2 University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio, USA
3 Laboratoire de Tribologie et Dynamique des Systèmes- C.N.R.S.; École Nationale d’Ingénieurs de St. Etienne, École Centrale de Lyon, Ecully, FRANCE


Abstract. The paper is an overview of the present state of the art and of the research and development results concerning the finishing abrasive processes.
Finishing processes are final machining processes which use fine grit abrasive as the cutting medium. The processes are widely used in industry in order to improve the surface topography to increase the bearing area and load-carrying capacity.
The main characteristic of finishing abrasive machining processes is that these processes are more random than many other machining processes. Tribology offers a good approach for describing the main characteristic of abrasive finishing processes and offers the ability to predict some of the outputs of the processes like abrasion rate or the surface quality.
The basic concepts and recent developments in lapping, polishing and fretting as well as the significance of surface metrology (especially the 3D methods) in finishing processes are presented.


Keywords: finishing, abrasion, lapping, polishing, fretting




  1. Szuder, A., 2002, Ingineria suprafetelor, Ed. Tehnica, Bucuresti.

  2. Marinescu, D.I., Rowe, W.B, Dimitrov, B, Inasaki, I, 2004, Tribology of Abrasive Machining Processes, William Andrew, New York.

  3. Szuder, A, Marinescu, A, Popescu, M., 1986, “Study of the Influences of Flat Lapping,” Intern. Grinfing Conf., June 10-12, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Society of Manufacturing Engineers. USA, MR 86-633.1-8.

  4. Mathia T., 2007, “3D Surface Morphology Measurements in Abrasive Machining,” Bases & Techniques of Abrasive Machining Rzeszow, Poland, 12-14, Novembre, Ed. E.Oczos & J.Burek.

  5. Mathia, T. G., Ducret, S., Lanteri, P., Midol, A., Meille, G., 2007, “Improvement of Ski s Sole Performance via Specific Abrasive Finishing and Waxing Process Using Simultaneously: GPS² and Skiing Forces Metrologies,” Advances in Production Engineering, pp. 360-369, 14-16 juin, Warsaw, Poland.

  6. Szuder, A, Bardac, D, Palalau D, Bardac, D., 1998, “Considerations Concerning the Liquid Volume into the Honned Textures with Superabrasives,” I.C.M.E. CIRP International Seminar on Intelligent Computation in Manufacturing Engineering, July 1-3, Capri , Italy, pp. 665-669.

  7. Mathia T., Domeck, N., Leprat, E., 2006, “Why the 3D Metrology of Surfaces Morphology is Required?,” Scientific Bulletin of University of Bielsko-Biala, vol. 22, pp.185-198.

  8. Informationszentrum Technical Ceramics, Verband der Keramischen Industrie e.V, Brevier Technical Ceramics, Fahner Verlag 2007.